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2015 Hamilton Conference Proceedings
Gravel-bed Rivers V
M Paul Mosley (Editor).
Prices (incl. postage & packing):
New Zealand NZ$225.00
For special rates for booksellers, contact the Treasurer
Gravel-Bed Rivers V
Gravel-bed rivers are both fascinating and of great practical significance to water resources managers. This book reports the proceedings of the fifth Gravel-Bed Rivers Workshop, held in New Zealand in August-September 2000. The Workshop brought together over 100 international scientists and river managers, to present their current research and to debate many aspects of gravel-bed river behaviour and management. The 24 chapters are contributed by over forty specialists, with additional analysis provided by many more. Their topics covered almost every conceivable aspect of the science, ranging from the processes of sediment entrainment by turbulence through to the response of fish to variations in river flows.
Gravel-Bed Rivers V presents state-of-the-art technology and up-to-the-minute knowledge. The technological applications range from detailed measurements of eddy structures and turbulence at centimetre-scale, through to time-lapse video photography of the changing pattern of channels in a kilometre-wide braided river. Exciting developments in data capture, image analysis and computer modeling are enabling huge strides to be made in describing, understanding and predicting the form and behaviour of gravel-bed rivers. They have revealed, for example, the existence of dendritic networks of braid channels in large braided rivers, which places the processes of channel evolution in a quite different perspective.
The fifth Workshop made a particular effort to address management goals in gravel-bed rivers, such as maintaining healthy aquatic ecosystems or controlling aggradation. Ecological and fisheries scientists introduced recent research into the behaviour of aquatic ecosystems in gravel-bed rivers. They showed for example the crucial importance of disturbance by floods in determining the diversity and biomass of aquatic vegetation, invertebrates and fish, in association with entrainment and movement of bed material. A number of papers considered the philosophy and practice of river management in three continents. A field exercise in the Waiho River provided an opportunity for Workshop participants to consider how to manage channel instability and aggradation in one of New Zealand's major tourist venues.
The book provides an important source of information and ideas for scientists, engineers, and resource managers seeking to understand gravel-bed rivers better. It will be useful also for senior undergraduate and graduate students who are developing their own research directions, and seeking inspiration from the leaders in their field.
What others think
The content is a balance between new research findings and developments of already published work. There are several good overview chapters: for example, Paola on modelling stream braiding over a range of scales, Lane on measurements of gravel-bed river morpholopgy, and Willgoose on erosion processes, catchment elevations and landform evolution modelling. These are complemented by more specific studies such as those on discrete particle modelling and active tracers (McEwan et al.) and the consequences of unsteady sediment transport (Hoey et al.). There are several case studies including a strong New Zealand element. Probably the real strength of the book, as with previous GBR volumes, lies in the discussion and reply sections which follow the main papers. Virtually all the papers contain some element of discussion. These often contain very new research and ideas for further work. Much of the discussion tends to bring in examples of New Zealand rivers and thus makes good use of the conference location. The discussions also give a good feel for the vitality of the conference and the main issues discussed.
The editor is to be commended for ensuring that the volume emerged in the year following the conference. The previous volume (GBR IV) took four years to emerge. As research on gravel-bed rivers tends to advance rapidly, prompt communication of results is essential. Based on the evidence presented in the proceedings I would certainly like to have been at the conference, and I would have bought the book had I not received a review copy. Unlike earlier volumes in the series, it is reasonably priced.
Abridged from a review by Jeff Warburton, Department of Geography, University of Durham, in Earth Science Processes and Landforms Volume 28 (10): 1159, 2003. The full review for subscribers to ESPL can be found by clicking this link
Gravel-Bed Rivers V Contents
Paola, C. Modelling stream braiding over a range of scales
Paola, C.; Foufoula-Georgiou, E. Statistical geometry and dynamics of braided rivers.
McArdell, B.B.; Faeh, R. A computational investigation of river braiding.
Ashmore, P. Braiding phenomena: Statics and kinetics.
Hoey, T. et al. The consequences of unsteady sediment transport in braided rivers.
Pittaluga, M.B. et al. The morphometrics of braiding rivers: Experimental and theoretical results on unit processes.
Wilcock, P.R. The flow, the bed, and the transport: Interaction in flume and field.
Nelson, J.M. et al. Turbulence and particle entrainment.
Laronne, J.B. et al. Mobility of patch sediment in gravel bed rivers: Patch character and its implications for bedload.
Lane, S.N. The measurement of gravel-bed river morphology.
McEwan, I.K. et al. Discrete particle modelling and active tracers: New techniques for studying sediment transport as a Lagrangian phenomenon.
Gray, J.R.; Schmidt, L.J. Sediment-data quality, availability, and emerging technologies: A discussion.
Roy, G.R.; Buffin-Belanger. Advances in the study of turbulent flow structures in gravel-bed rivers.
Power, M.E. Controls on food webs in gravel-bedded rivers: The importance of the gravel-bed habitat to trophic dynamics.
Biggs, B.F. et al. The importance of bed sediment stability to benthic ecosystems of streams.
Jowett, I.J. Effects of floods and droughts on fish in a New Zealand gravel-bed river.
Richards, K. Floods, channel dynamics, and riparian ecosystems.
Mosley, M.P.; Schumm, S. Gravel bed rivers - the view from the hills.
Willgoose, G. Erosion processes, catchment elevations and landform evolution modelling.
Davies, T.R.; McSaveney, M.J. Anthropogenic fanhead aggradation, Waiho River, Westland, New Zealand.
Day, T.J.; Hudson, H.R. River management: The recent New Zealand experience.
Newson, M. et al. The management of gravel-bed rivers in England and Wales: from geomorphological research to strategy and operations.
Church, M. River science and Fraser River: Who controls the river?
Rouse, H.L. et al. The Transit New Zealand Waiho Workshop.
Contents of poster papers CRDOM
Best, J. et al. Visualisation of coherent flow structures associated with particle clusters: temporal and spatial characterisation revealed using ultrasonic Doppler velocity profiling.
Horton, J. et al. Morphological and textural characteristics of bedforms generated in a bimodal sand-gravel mixture.
Kleinhans, M.G. The Relation between Bedform Type, Vertical Sorting in Bedforms and Bedload Transport During Subsequent Discharge Waves in Large Sand Gravel Bed Rivers with Fixed Banks.
Madej, M.A. Changes In Channel Roughness Values Following Large Sediment Inputs. Martin, V. et al. Hydraulic Roughness and Stability of Self-formed Stable Gravel Beds: The Role of Grain Protrusion.
Seydell, I. Effects of morphology and sediment transport on riverbed permeability.
Smart, G. et al. Roughness and Flow Resistance.
Wittenberg, L. Bed clusters in humid perennial and Mediterranean ephemeral gravel-bed streams.
Blom, A. et al. Bed Stratification and Sediment transport in flume experiments with a trimodal sediment mixture.
Bunte, K.I. Portable Bedload Traps With High Sampling Intensity for Representative Sampling of Gravel Transport in Wadable Mountain Streams.
Cohen, H.; Laronne, J.B. Bedload transport in the ephemeral and braided gravel-bed Nahal Rahaf, Southern Judean Desert, Israel.
Crowe, J.; Wilcock, P.R. The Effect of Sand Supply on Transport Rates in a Gravel Bed Channel.
Gray, J.R. et al. The U.S. Geological Survey National Sediment Laboratory Quality-Assurance Program.
Lisle, T.E. Relations Between Sediment Storage and Transport Capacity for Alluvial Reservoirs.
Rennie, C.D.; Millar, R.G. Measurements of Gravel Bedload Transport Velocity using an Acoustic Doppler Profiler.
McEwan, I.; Heald, J. Discrete Particle Model Animations.
Mikoû, M.; Spazzapan Escorza, M. Development of the Spy-Cobble - An Instrumented Satellite for Measuring Dynamics of Sediment Transport in Turbulent Flows.
Milan, D. et al. Magnetic tracing of sand through a riffle-pool sequence.
Milan, d. et al. Influence of flow magnitude and duration upon tracer movement through pool-riffle-bar topography.
Nelson, J.M. et al. Turbulence and particle entrainment.
Shvidchenko, A.B. Critical shear stress for incipient motion of streambeds.
Toro Escobar, C.M.; Parker, G. Equal Mobility: The Remains of the Day.
Ashmore, P. Animation of a sequence of DEMs of a braided river physical model.
Braudrick, C.A. et al. The Interaction Between Large Woody Debris, Debris Flows, and Channel Morphology: A Flume Experiment.
Buffington, J.M. Hydraulic Roughness and Shear-Stress Partitioning in Forest Pool-Riffle Channels.
Hicks, D.M. et al The braided Waimakariri River: new views of form and process from high-density topographic surveys and time-lapse imagery.
Rinaldi, M. et al. Monitoring and modelling of unsaturated flow and mechanisms of riverbank failure in gravel bed rivers.
Schsberl, F. Bed formation in curved steep channels.
Surian, N. Downstream Variation in Bed Material Size along a Braided River, Piave River, Italy.
Thorne, C. et al. Fluvial Audit for Rapid Geomorphological Assessment of Alluvial Rivers: Case Study of the Manuherikia River, Central Otago.
Westaway, R.M. et al. Large-scale remote survey of a braided, gravel riverbed using digital photogrammetry and image analysis.
Gilvear, D. The role of flow regime and stream bed stability in predicting variation in vegetation species richness and standing crop within UK rivers.
Kenworthy, S.T.; Wilcock, P.R. Sediment Entrainment and the Displacement of Aquatic Insect Larvae: Results from a Laboratory Study.
Richards, K. River dynamics and the ecology of the riparian zone.
Rice, S.P et al. The Impact of Punctuated Downstream Fining on Macroinvertebrate Communities in Gravel-Bed Rivers.
Avery, E. et al. Gravel Bed River Riffle Restoration in New South Wales, Australia.
Connell, R.J. North Ashburton River - Blands Reach - Aggradation.
Downs, P.W.; Caruso, B.S. Three Streamscapes Project: fluvial geomorphology context for rehabilitation opportunities in the Water of Leith, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Grant, G.E.; Hayes, S.K. Geomorphic response to peak flow increases due to forest harvest activities, Western Cascades, Oregon.
Hudson, H.R. Ashburton River Floodplain Management: Resource Consent Investigations.
Hudson, H.R. Morphological Impacts of River Gravel Extraction: New Zealand Examples.
Janssen, A. Maaswerken - Grensmaas: The remake of a river.
PiZgay, H.; Saulnier, D. Streamway concept applied to the management of the south east French gravel-bed rivers.
Freshwaters of New Zealand
Jon Harding, Paul Mosley, Charles Pearson, & Brian Sorrell (Editors).
Prices (incl. postage & packing):
New Zealand 1 copy = NZ$83.95; 2 copies = NZ$165.90; 3 copies = $247.85
Australia 1 copy = NZ$109.95; 2 copies = NZ$214.90
Elsewhere 1 copy = NZ$139.95; 2 copies = NZ$274.90
Freshwaters of New Zealand has been written by a team of eighty scientists and managers. It provides an up-to-date survey and synthesis of our knowledge of the streams, rivers, wetlands and lakes of New Zealand. There is a strong emphasis on our distinctive environment, science and management, but this is always underpinned by knowledge developed internationally. The 46 chapters cover a range of information, concepts and theories, arranged in five sections: the hydrological cycle, running water systems, lakes and wetlands, subsurface waters, and applications and issues in water management. The book is designed for students, managers, and scientists, working in a wide range of disciplines, who require an introduction to the field of freshwater science and management, and an entry point into the wider literature.
A long white cloud, snow and glaciers, tranquil lakes — part of the image that attracts thousands of tourists to New Zealand, and encourages many into careers as water managers and scientists. But there is far more to the freshwaters of New Zealand than these. Our knowledge of fresh water, aquatic biota and ecosystems has advanced rapidly in recent years. In addition to the "icons"— the salmon fisheries of the South Island, the blue duck of our mountain rivers — less well known life forms are receiving increasing attention, such as the animals that live in groundwater, often deep below the surface. To classic concepts such as the hydrological cycle and the river continuum, scientists are adding new hypotheses and theories, new management tools are being developed, and improved methods to facilitate community involvement are being applied.
What others think
FRESHWATERS OF NEW ZEALAND edited by Jon Harding, Paul Mosley, Charles Pearson, Brian Sorrell. Published by New Zealand Hydrological Society (PO Box 12-300, Wellington) and New Zealand Limnological Society, 700pp, $69.95 ($14 postage and packaging).
The hydrology and ecology of New Zealand rivers and lakes is presented in great detail in this book published by New Zealand hydrologists and limnologists. It is complementary to Groundwaters of New Zealand, published two years ago. The book will be a useful reference for scientists, students, resource managers and others whose interest is water and what goes on in it. Of particular significance are chapters dealing with currently newsworthy topics such as in-stream values, human health, wetlands, and the impacts of forestry, dams and pests. Many of the chapters deal with topics related to the negative impacts of our society on freshwater and how these may be avoided and remedied. An excellent resource to promote sustainable management of Canterbury's lifeblood - water.
Howard Williams. The Press (16 October 2004)
Foreword - J. Morgan Williams
1. Advances in freshwater sciences and management in New Zealand Ross Woods & Clive Howard-Williams
2. Atmospheric circulation and precipitation Jim Salinger, Warren Gray, Brett Mullan & David Wratt
3. Evaporation and transpiration David Scotter & Francis Kelliher
4. Soil water, runoff and streamflow generation Tim Davie
5. Seasonal snow and water Ian Owens & Blair Fitzharris
6. Glaciers - perennial snow and ice Trevor Chinn
7. Flow regimes Maurice Duncan & Ross Woods
8. Rivers and the riverscape Paul Mosley
9. Catchments, streamflow and the use of models Richard Ibbitt, Alistair McKerchar & Ross Woods
10. Floods and low flows Charles Pearson & Roddy Henderson
11. Water quality and chemistry in running waters Rob Davies-Colley & Bob Wilcock
12. Stream sediment load and organic matter Murray Hicks, John Quinn & Noel Trustrum
13. Stream communities and ecosystem processes Mike Winterbourn
14. Aquatic and riparian vegetation of rivers and streams Paula Reeves, Kevin Collier & Alaistair Suren
15. Periphyton Barry Biggs & Cathy Kilroy
16. Stream invertebrates Mike Winterbourn
17. Fish communities in rivers and streams Angus McIntosh & Robert McDowall
18. River bird communities Colin O'Donnell
19. Geomorphology and hydrology of lakes Paul Mosley
20. Hydrology of wetlands Dave Campbell & Rick Jackson
21. Physical and chemical characteristics of lake water Ian Hawes, Rob Davies-Colley & David Hamilton
22. Primary production in the open water Marc Schallenberg
23. Food webs in lakes David Rowe & Marc Schallenberg
24. Littoral algal and macrophyte communities Mary de Winton & Anne-Maree Schwarz
25. Littoral invertebrate and fish communities Dave Kelly & Robert McDowall
26. Bird communities of lakes and wetlands Murray Williams
27. Aquatic invaders and pest species in lakes Gerard Closs, Tracie Dean, Paul Champion & Deborah Hofstra
28. Wetland ecosystems Brian Sorrell & Philippe Gerbeaux
29. Groundwater systems Graham Fenwick, Hugh Thorpe & Paul White
30. Biota of cold-water and geothermal springs Russell Death, José Barquín & Mike Scarsbrook
31. Karst systems Paul Williams
32. Hyporheic zones Greg Burrell & Mike Scarsbrook
33. Impacts of forestry Barry Fahey, Maurice Duncan & John Quinn
34. Impacts of agricultural land use Stephanie Parkyn & Bob Wilcock
35. Effects of urbanisation on streams Alaistair Suren & Sandy Elliott
36. Impacts of mining Jon Harding & Ian Boothroyd
37. Impacts of hydro-dams, irrigation schemes and river control works Roger Young, Graeme Smart & Jon Harding
38. River restoration Alaistair Suren, Shelley McMurtrie & Leanne O'Brien
39. Lake restoration David Rowe
40. Wetland management and restoration Brian Sorrell, Paula Reeves & Beverley Clarkson
41. Sport fishery management Neil Deans, Martin Unwin & Maurice Rodway
42. Values and uses of water Christina Robb & John Bright
43. Analysis of instream values Ian Jowett & Paul Mosley
44. Management and conservation of natural waters Chris Richmond, Victoria Froude, Andrew Fenemor & Bob Zuur
45. Managing water-related risk David Painter
46. Water and human health David Slaney & Philip Weinstein
Groundwaters of New Zealand
Michael R Rosen & Paul A White (Editors).
Prices (incl. postage & packing):
New Zealand NZ$99.00
For special rates for booksellers, contact the Treasurer
Groundwaters of New Zealand is the definitive new source for information on the groundwater resources of New Zealand. Written by many of New Zealand's leading experts, the book covers varied aspects of groundwater research, assessment, use, and management in New Zealand.
Chapters document the history of groundwater development in New Zealand, and current research on interactions between groundwater systems and other components of the hydrological cycle. Groundwater quality is explored in chapters on groundwater chemistry and microbiology, and on the health aspects of groundwater. The book also contains detailed regional summaries, covering the location, use, quality, and management of groundwater resources, for the entire country.
This book will be the essential reference text for all environmental, engineering, and resource management professionals working with groundwater, and students of the many scientific and engineering disciplines that contribute to groundwater investigations. Senior secondary school, undergraduate university students, and the many groundwater users will find this book a valuable reference that adds significantly to their understanding of groundwater resources.
What others think
Groundwaters of New Zealand
Michael R. Rosen and Paul A. White, editors
New Zealand Hydrological Society Inc; Wellington North, New Zealand; ISBN0-473-07816-3; 498 pp; 2001; $89.00
Groundwaters of New Zealand attempts to bring together in one volume a complete reference guide to groundwater research and resources in New Zealand. It was written to provide a "state of the art" snapshot of groundwater research, ideas and developments, and current and historical references that encompass the entire country. To this end, this well written, illustrated, and documented book is a grand achievement. However, as an island nation the approximate size and population of the state of Colorado, the book could do a better service by providing a perspective of New Zealand groundwater research and management in relation to practices outside of its borders. With that said, the book is admittedly written with updates in mind, meaning future additions can address areas of advancement and concern as needed.
The book consists of two main sections; the first section summarizes New Zealand's historical and current groundwater resources, its quality, management practices, important physical processes, and common research and evaluative techniques. Each subject is addressed in a separate chapter and is presented as the current status within New Zealand. The second section provides a regional look at groundwater resources, with a separate chapter devoted to each of the 15 regions within New Zealand.
The first two chapters address the history of groundwater development and the current known state of groundwater resources in the country. This historical context provides a foundation for understanding the problems that New Zealand, and the rest of the world, face today regarding water resources. The value of these chapters is extended by the inclusion of the history of New Zealand groundwater laws, regulations, agencies, and management bodies, which again provides context for understanding the current state of groundwater management.
The balance of the first section address separate groundwater topics that are specific concerns within New Zealand. Each topic is a separate chapter with subjects ranging from hydrochemistry of New Zealand aquifers to groundwater-surface water interaction to microbial contamination. Each individually referenced chapter starts with an introduction that frames the importance of the subject to New Zealand, followed by discussions of relevant past studies, current research and status, and future considerations. In most cases, the author(s) of each chapter is(are) directly involved in the topic and are considered the local expert on the subject. Employing an expert author for each chapter has the advantage of a higher level of knowledge being passed to the reader, but the disadvantage of disparate writing styles and chapter formats. However, given the disadvantages, an interested reader should have no problem in finding the information they seek.
The second section of the book addresses the groundwater resources within each of the 15 regions of New Zealand. The Regional Councils, which are the governing bodies at the regional level, are responsible for groundwater resource evaluation and management as it pertains to local quantity and quality issues. Thus each regional summary is authored by the resident groundwater manager(s) within each Regional Council. Each chapter addresses the relative importance of groundwater in the region, the location and description of the primary aquifers, pressures on the groundwater resources, management objectives and approaches, and unique regional features (e.g., hydrothermal resources). What is most evident about these chapters is the variability of groundwater investigations and active management across the regions, with those regions that have a high reliance on groundwater resources, such as Canterbury and Auckland, being further ahead in understanding and managing their groundwater resources, than regions with low reliance (or pressure), such as the West Coast region.
By providing a snapshot of current groundwater usage, management, and science, Groundwaters of New Zealand provides a basis for future studies, coordination, and collaboration, for scientists within and outside New Zealand. For those inside New Zealand, the book provides an excellent resource for referencing past studies and current work to avoid redundancy and misappropriation of funding resources. For those outside New Zealand, the book provides a source of possible collaborative relationships as well as an example of how a single nation approaches the subject. While New Zealand's size lends itself well to documenting the current national status of groundwater science and management, Groundwaters of New Zealand should serve as a template for other nations, states, and/or regions to document their own efforts. To this end, Groundwaters of New Zealand is a valuable read to anyone interested in groundwater science and groundwater resource management.
Thomas S. Lowry - Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque
Lowry, T.S., Reviews, Groundwaters of New Zealand, EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 85(22), June 2004
List of contributors
Part I: Groundwater Research in New Zealand
2 A history of groundwater development in New Zealand. J H Weeber, L J Brown, P A White, W J Russell, H R Thorpe
3 Groundwater resources in New Zealand. P A White
4 Hydrochemistry of New Zealand's aquifers. M R Rosen
5 Rainfall and irrigation recharge to groundwater. H R Thorpe
6 Groundwater-surface water interaction. P A White, B Clausen, B Hunt, S Cameron, J Weir
7 Isotope techniques to determine the flow, provenance and sustainability of groundwater. M Stewart, U Morgenstern
8 Fate and transport of nitrates and pesticides in New Zealand's aquifers. M E Close,M R Rosen and V R Smith
9 Microbial contamination of New Zealand's aquifers. L W Sinton
10 Groundwater and health. H Davies
11 Groundwater management. A Fenemor, C Robb
Part II Regional Groundwater Summaries
12 Northland. S Cameron, S Osbaldiston, G Skuse, C Revfem
13 Auckland. G Crowcroft, A Smaill
14 Waikato. J Hadfield
15 Bay of Plenty. D Gordon
16 Gisborne. D Gordon
17 Hawke's Bay. L D Luba
18 Taranaki. G Stevens
19 Manawatu-Wanganui. G Bekesi
20 Wellington. M Morgan, B Hughes
21 Tasman. J Thomas
22 Marlborough. P Davidson
23 Canterbury. L J Brown
24 West Coast. T James
25 Otago. T Heller
26 Southland. B Hughes